Dental implants have revolutionized dentistry, making it possible to replace a single tooth or all teeth. Implants are inserted into the jawbone and are made of titanium (this metal does well in the body and rarely causes any reaction in patients).
Dental implants provide greater structural support and last longer than either dental bridges or dentures. They serve as the artificial root to which new teeth are bonded.
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Types of Dental Implants
Root implant:-In implant dentistry, this is the most popular form of a dental implant. This type of dental implant is very effective and mirrors the size and shape of a patient's natural tooth.
Once the dentist applies the local anesthesia, he or she makes an incision in the gum in order to gain access to the jawbone. The bone is then prepared, and the dental implant is inserted into the jawbone with care and precision. Finally, the dentist stitches the gums and, if necessary, prescribes an appropriate medication.
During the Osseointegration step, which lasts anywhere from three to eight months, the jawbone firmly attaches itself to the dental implant. Once Osseointegration is complete the dental implant is fitted with the new tooth.
Plate form implant:-Another form of implant dentistry is the Plate form implant. This dental implant is ideal in situations where the jawbone is not wide enough to properly support a root implant. The plate from the dental implant is long and thin, unlike the root implant, and anchors into thin jawbones.
The insertion process is the same as for a root implant, but in certain cases, plate dental implants are immediately fitted with the restoration without waiting for the Osseointegration period.